A branch of Webber International University
In their own words...
"As a first generation Latin American, it was different coming here, but I soon realized that I could just be me. St. Andrews is a school for people who like small classes and a close community."
- Anthony Fernandez, Class of '10

Resume Notes

I. Basic Facts

A. Writing Skills

  • Hiring personnel likely to hold a poorly written resume against the applicant
  • Used as a weed-out tool
  • Should use minimal wording, thus making sure each carefully chosen fact produces a lasting impression on an employer

B. Time Allotted and Length

  • Average time spent on a resume is 10 to 30 seconds
  • Should be one page

C. “Does it Help” Rule

  • When adding information, ask yourself “does it help?”
    • Will the piece of information help get the interview
    • Is it relevant to the position I want
    • Does it solve their problem
    • Is it more important than something else

II. Resume Defined

A.  Purpose

      • A resume is a summary of your experiences and skills relevant to the field of work you are entering.
      • It highlights your accomplishments to show a potential employer that you are qualified for the work you want. It is not a biography of everything you have done.
      • Its purpose is to get you an interview.
      • A resume can and should reflect more than just your paid work experience.  Include the details of your more important extracurricular, volunteer, and leadership experiences.

B. Tailored Resumes

      • Tailor separate resumes to fit each career field in which you are job searching.  You can create slightly different resumes tailored to each job opening.

III. Resume Types:

  1. Chronological Resume
    • Most common
    • Objective statement followed by chronological job history, including some highlighted achievements at each position
    • Shows progress in a single profession, thus puts emphasis on work experience (may not be the best choice for a college graduate)
  1. Functional Resume
    • Emphasis on abilities instead of work history
    • Objective statement followed by list of skills an employer wants with a brief example of the qualifications; employment history follows at the bottom in a brief format
  1. Chrono-Functional Resume
    • Combines the strengths of both resumes
    • Objective statement followed by a list of a few key skills followed by an in-depth employment history similar to a chronological resume
    • Good for students who have internship experience and career-oriented extracurricular activities

IV. Getting Started

Step 1:  Make a list of your various activities over the years

  • Include paid work, volunteer positions, extracurricular activities (especially those in which you had a leadership role) and internships.
  • Can go as far back as four or five years. Graduating seniors will often have one or two items from high school on their resume if those items stress an important skill.


Step 2:  Write a paragraph about each important item in your list.

  • "Important items" would include most paid work, internships, extended volunteer activities, and activities in which you had a leadership role.
  • Don't worry about the wording of your paragraphs at this point ; “resume language” will come later
  • Describe accomplishments as well as duties (provide a skill and its result)
    • An example of a duty might be "I maintained ten computers, loading new software and resolving problems as needed," while an example of an accomplishment might be "I created two self-paced PowerPoint presentations to train people in our office on the new company software, and it was so successful that my manager asked me to present it to five other managers in the company."
      Note: You will eventually change your wording into "resume language," dropping any "I's" and making your phrases more concise. For now, use whatever language you want.


Step 3:  Pick the items that you will highlight or emphasize on your resume.

  • Give this some thought. Consider two factors here:

    1)      What are your greatest strengths, and how can you demonstrate those strengths through your experience? All employers value certain qualities: team player; good communication skills; leadership abilities. In addition, you have particular skills that you consider your strong points, you would generally try to bring those to light, as well.

    2)      What are the requirements and needs of this particular industry, this particular employer and this particular job?

Here's an example of the needs of an industry and a job:

  • Advertising industry - account executive:
    • The industry tends to value creativity, high energy, and the ability to work in a hectic, deadline-driven environment.
    • The job of account executive demands that you be detail-oriented, good with people and able to handle many projects at once.
    • Your task, then, would be to demonstrate those qualities through the activities described on your resume.

Step 4:  Create the sections of your resume.

  • Section 1: Name and Address
    • Put your name in at least 14-point. Recruiters often must look through stacks of resumes in search of a particular one. Make it easy for them to see your name.
    • Include both your school address and phone number, as well as the address and phone number where you can be reached during school vacations or after you graduate.
    • Include your e-mail address. If you check your e-mail during school vacations, you may want to center the address on your resume in a way that implies it is not just associated with your school address.
      • Section 2: Objective
    • Objective: An objective is optional, but should be included. If you have worked out a clearly targeted job objective, then definitely include it.
      • 1-2 sentences about the job sought and why you would be a valuable part of the team
      • Avoid pronouns and flowery language; don’t be too general (“a challenging position enabling me to contribute to organizational goals while offering an opportunity for growth and advancement”)
      • Focus on what you have to offer rather than on what the job can offer you.  Employers want to know if you fit their needs, not what you hope to get out of a job.
      • Example: "OBJECTIVE:  Editorial assistant position in the publishing industry, utilizing my academic background in literature and my three years of experience writing for campus and local newspapers.”
      • Section 3:  Education
    • This section always goes first on your resume, as long as you are in school.
    • Include major, minor, type of degree, honors distinctions, GPA
    • If you are still an undergraduate and applying for an internship, list your high school below your college in this section. Note: Your significant activities from high school can be listed in this section, though many students benefit more from listing those in more detail in their Experience or Activities sections.
    • Once you have graduated from college, your education section goes first on your resume from one to three years, depending on such factors as whether your education was relevant to your career field and how impressive your work experience has been in the intervening years. If you have recently received a graduate or professional degree, your education would usually go at the top of your resume.
    • As a graduating senior, your GPA should always be mentioned, as long as it is above 3.0. Most recruiters will assume that it is below 3.0 if they do not see it on your resume.
    • "Courses studied" or Relevant Coursework" is an optional section. If you have taken courses outside your major that are relevant to the job (or if you simply want to emphasize your academic training relevant to the job or internship), you would definitely benefit from including this section. For example, if you were a Philosophy major trying to find work in the computer industry, and you had taken three courses in the Computer Science department; you would definitely include them in a "Relevant Courses" section.
    • Significant honors and awards can be included as a sub-category of your Education section.
  • Section 4:  Experience
    • Don't limit this section to paid work experiences. Employers understand that the most valuable or most challenging experiences often occur in internships, volunteer work or other extracurricular activities.
    • Opportunity to show how transferred skills learned in the classroom to the workplace.
    • Student Teaching Experience - Include name and location of placements, dates involved, and grade level of assignment. Major responsibilities in teaching area should be emphasized.
    • How should you describe your experiences?
      • Consult the paragraphs you wrote about each of your jobs or activities: choose from one to eight sentences that encapsulate the skills you used at this job or activity, your duties and your significant accomplishments.  (skill and result)
      • Include both your duties and your accomplishments.
        Duties tell the employer you can do the job. Accomplishments indicate that you will go above and beyond the call of duty:
      • Duties alone can sound bland: "Wrote articles, researched topics, filed documents"?
      • When you add your accomplishments and contributions, you set yourself apart from the other applicants: "Researched and wrote weekly Music Notes for local arts newspaper. Created archival database that saved staff several hours of work per week. Chosen from among seven interns to represent newspaper at MusicFest 2001 festival; wrote feature story that ran on front page."
      • Use action verbs ("wrote," "managed," "researched," "coached," "planned," etc.).
      • Where possible, use keywords.
      • Cite numbers to make a point (e.g. number of people supervised; size of event created).
      • Be concise; use telegram rather than narrative style.
      • Include "buzz" words only if you are sure of their meaning.
      • Include employment dates (month and year).
        • Section 5:  Activities, Volunteer work, Interests
    • If you choose to separate your work experience from your extracurricular activities or volunteer work, they can go in a separate section, but they don't have to go in a separate section.
    • You do not need to demote these activities to the bottom of your resume. What's left at the bottom of your resume may not get any attention.
    • Listing your "interests" or hobbies on a resume is okay, but generally you should not do so at the expense of leaving out other, more important information.
      • When should you list your interests?
      • When your interests or hobbies are so unusual that they are bound to attract positive attention.
      • When your interests or hobbies reflect positively on your job skills. For example, if you are applying for work as a paralegal and you love chess, the recruiter may equate your hobby with analytical abilities.
  • Section 6:  Skills
    • This is an optional section depending on the type of resume written.
    • Computer skills:
      • You may wish to list the systems (Macintosh, IBM, UNIX, etc.) and applications (Filemaker Pro, Microsoft Word, PageMaker, HTML, Excel, PowerPoint, etc.) with which you are capable.
      • List specific programming languages
      • You may even want to use italicized sub-categories:
        • Systems:
          Programming Languages:
          • Languages:
          • List languages in which you are proficient or conversational and indicate your level of ability ("basic conversational ability," "proficiency," "near-fluency," "fluency") or the number of years of college-level study.
          • Laboratory skills:
      • If you are applying for scientific or laboratory positions, you may want to create a list of your lab skills. A biology major student might break those skills down into sub-categories such as "histology," "cell culture," and "staining." Of course, the sub-categories and skills mentioned should be relevant to the particular job.
      • Always check your skills list with a professor or mentor, unless you have significant professional experience in that career field.
  • Section 7:  References
    • Don't write "References Available on Request" on your resume.
    • Do create a references list as soon as you can and have it available, in case an employer asks for references.

Step 5:  Format your resume.

      • Direct the employer's eye to the most important information: (remember, 10-30 seconds)

        1.      Leave plenty of white space on your resume - don't make your resume look crowded.

        2.      Emphasize job titles by boldfacing them (except where the name of a prestigious organization you have worked for will grab their attention first).

        3.      Place the most important information closer to the top of your resume. (For example, if you are a student and your paid work has been fairly mundane, but you have great computer skills or excellent extracurricular leadership experience, then put the skills or the extracurriculars near the top of your resume.)

        4.      Where appropriate, descriptive category headings can attract an employers attention (for example, "Counseling and Tutoring Experience" or "Leadership Experience" instead of just "Experience").

        5.      Leave blank space between the separate sections and items on your resume.

          • Other formatting details:

    o        Condense to one page. Exceptions: two-page resumes for nursing, for education and for those alumni who have over two years of experience in that field (however, before going with a two-page resume, check with others in your career field).

    o        Center and balance your resume on the page, leaving approximately 1 inch margins.

    o        Design your resume for easy skimming: emphasize by boldfacing, capitalizing and italicizing.

    o        Use 8 1/2" x 11" white, off-white or very light-gray bond paper. Do not use colored paper.

    o        Proofread carefully and have others review your final draft.

V. General Resume “Don’ts”

  • Include information for leaving a job
  • Letters of recommendation
  • Race, religion, age, sexual orientation
  • Starting date (should be included in the cover letter)
  • Photographs
  • Inflated jargon
  • Use “I”
  • Use clichéd adjectives like “dynamic” or “self-starting”; use detailed descriptions of accomplishments to convince employer;
  • Just use job duties—prove what you have done
  • Send a resume without a cover letter
  • Use a resume wizard or place your resume in a table
  • Use elaborate fonts (Arial or Times New Roman will suffice)
  • Avoid unnecessary personal information such as marital status and date of birth.

VI. General Resume Do’s

  • Use consistent format and alignment
  • Keep in plain text
  • Vary sentence structure to avoid boredom by the reader
  • Keep sentences to under 25 words; average about 18 words, but change it up so the resume is not the same line after line
  • Shorter sentences: start with a clause: follow with a colon, then add bullets of information relating to the introductory clause
  • Add bullets to accomplishments to make them stand out
  • Proofread by you and other people; watch out for spelling and grammar—spell-check does not catch everything (manger v. manager)
  • Use quality paper (at least 50% cotton); no scented or decorative paper
  • Potentially include preferences on job location and personal hobbies
  • Revise, revise, revise

VII. Electronic Resume Formats

  • Never attach a resume or cover letter to your e-mail unless specifically requested. Some employers automatically delete e-mails with attached resumes. Always put your cover letter and resume as text within the body of your e-mail message.

    ·         Though the content of your resume remains the same, whether you send it by e-mail, by fax, over the Web or by snail mail, you will need to put your resume into several distinct formats:

    o        A fully-formatted text resume (created in word-processing software, such as Microsoft Word). Most people start by creating a fully-formatted resume and then convert that resume to the other two electronic formats.

    o        A plan-text resume, (also know as an ASCII resume) when applying for jobs by e-mail or submitting your resume via a form on the Web.

    ·         Use a plain-text resume for the following situations:

    ·         When you are applying for a job through an e-mail link (or when an employer has asked you to e-mail them a resume). You place your plain-text resume in the body of the e-mail message, preceded by your cover letter. Never send a resume as an attachment to your e-mail, unless an employer specifically instructs you to do so.

    ·         When entering a resume onto most resume databases on the Web. (A few job sites, such as Net-Temps and JobOptions.com, allow you to upload your Microsoft Word resume to their database.)

    o        Scannable resumes are printed on paper, in a format that can be easily scanned into a computer database (rarely used today).

    ·         This is a paper resume that an employer can physically scan into a resume database, to be retrieved later by computer. Scannable resumes contain no extra formatting - no bullets, no italics, no bold, no underlining, no fancy fonts and no tabbed columns.

    ·         Few employers go to the trouble and expense of scanning paper resumes into a computer database. When an employer requests that you send a resume through the postal system, ask if they would prefer a fully-formatted resume or a scannable resume. If you do not know the answer, you may want to send both types, and add the words "Scannable Resume" at the bottom of that resume.

VIII. Using Resume Keywords

  • Many employers use database technology to store and search the resumes that are sent to them by potential employees. Employers and recruiters search these databases using industry-specific keywords. Keywords are nouns and phrases that highlight technical and professional areas of expertise, industry-related jargon, achievements, projects, task forces, job titles, etc.
  • If your resume does not contain at least some of the keywords that the employer is using, then your resume will be skipped by the computer, even if you have all of the experience and skills required by the job.
  • Some experienced job seekers may enhance their resume by including many of these keywords in a "Summary of Qualifications" near the top of their resume. This section may also be called a "Professional Summary" or "Skills." And while most graduating seniors' resumes do not benefit from such a summary, it is still imperative to include the appropriate keywords in the text of your resume.
  • Here a few basic principles for using keywords in your resume:
      • The best source of keywords is the actual job listing, which is likely to contain many, if not all, of the keywords that an employer will use to search the resume database.
      • Talk to people in the career field you are targeting, and ask them what keywords are appropriate to the positions you are applying to.
      • Visit professional association Web sites, and read the content carefully. Many of these are loaded with industry-related jargon which may be appropriate for your resume.
      • Link: Galenet-Association search (be sure to unclick the ALL box, and click on "National Associations," THEN enter a career field in the "Description of Purpose and Activities" or "Subject Descriptor" lines.)
      • Find a copy of Electronic Resume Revolution, by Joyce Lain Kennedy
      • Try the Occupational Outlook Handbook, an excellent resource produced by the U.S. Dept. of Labor.
      • Try Rebecca Smith’s “eResumes and Resources”.
    • Include plenty of keyword nouns and noun phrases throughout your resume. If you have a "Summary of Qualifications" section at the beginning of your resume, try not to repeat verbatim the contents of this section.
    • In some fields, a simple list of skills does not sufficiently describe the job seeker's background. Where appropriate, include accomplishments, as well, but be sure to include enough keywords to satisfy the computer searches.
    • Here are two examples, taken from Job Searching Online for Dummies, by Pam Dixon:
      • Keyword summary, example 1
        • PROFESSIONAL SUMMARY: Award-winning corporate controller with more than ten years' experience in two $500 million corporations. Impressive record in implementing financial record database architecture that saved over $2 million annually. Proficient in Oracle, Prism, Red Brick, and SAP systems, as well as MS Project, Excel, Word, PowerPoint, and FrontPage."
      • Keyword summary, example 2
        • SKILLS
          Languages: C, SQL, C++, Assembler, Pascal
          Software: Oracle Developer 2000, Informix NewEra, FoxPro
          OS: UNIX, Windows NT/95/3.11, MS-DOS
          RDBMS: Oracle7, Informix 7
  • Other important ideas:

    o        If you're still in college, try to get at least one internship in the career field you're targeting. Even if you're internship lasts only a few weeks, you will significantly increase your keyword count.

    o        You should have a minimum of 4 industry- or job-specific keywords. The ideal is to have at least 12 keywords.

    o        Choose both general and specific keywords: For example, general = psychology; therapist; psychologist. Specific = addiction; behavioral therapy.

IX. Online Resume Banks

  • Should you use resume databases? The main consideration is the time it takes to enter your information.

    o        On the one hand, people in a wide variety of career fields attract good job leads this way (it's not just the techies' world anymore).

    o        On the other hand, many resume databases have specialized forms through which you must painstakingly enter your information. Others allow you to upload an ASCII-formatted resume version, but unless you know what you're doing, your resume may appear misaligned or almost unreadable to the viewer.

  • Cost - Most resume databases are free (if you find a database that charges a fee, and you are considering using it, ask for information on number of searches the database receives before paying any fee; the number of resumes on the system; etc.).
  • Specialized vs. general resume banks - The large commercial resume databases are easy to locate. BUT - in many fields, the smaller, career-specific databases are more effective (seek out the Web sites of the professional organizations in your career field, or ask other professionals for recommendations).
  • If your resume does not contain at least some of the keywords that employers are using to search the database, then your resume will be skipped by the computer, even if you have all of the experience and skills required by the job.
  • Don't depend solely on resume databases. Maybe they will help in your job search, and maybe not. But your best bet is to proactively network with professionals in your targeted career field, and use a wide variety of other job search strategies.
  • Cautions

    o        Confidentiality of your resume.

    o        Marketing surveys - many resume databases include marketing surveys on their Web sites, often integrating them into the forms used to post your resume. If you start seeing questions about your age, your gender or how you heard about their Web site, you are responding to a marketing survey. You may even be asked about your race or nationality. Skip all these questions. If the Web site is set up so that you must respond to them in order to proceed with your resume submission, ditch that Web site (there are plenty of others that won't make you respond to those questions).

    o        Upgrades for a fee - some resume databases now offer you an "upgrade" for your resume, charging a fee so that your resume is in front of others who do not pay the fee. We recommend not using these databases - why should you pay extra when any good resume database system will allow your great resume with great keywords to stand out?

    o        Co-branding agreements - some employment sites on the Web have joined forces with one or more other Web sites. When you post your resume to one site, you might be sharing that resume with up to fifteen other databases. Always read the privacy agreement at any Web site where you're considering posting your resume.

    o        Cover letters - don't submit a cover letter with a resume you send to an online resume database. Cover letters are discarded from most of the employment databases that accept resumes.

  • Resources

    o        JobStar.org - highly recommended - topics include "Descriptions of Major Resume Banks," "Should You or Shouldn't You? Evaluating Resume Banks," and "Let's Get Electronic: Why Employers Use Resume Banks."

    o        eResumes.com - Great advice, well-organized. Also, links to select resume databases.

    o        Links to Four Major Resume Banks

    o        The Riley Guide - Free Resume Databases (dozens of links)

    o        The Riley Guide - Fee-Based Resume Databases (a handful)

    o        How2FindaJob.com - Complete their resume form, and their software will take your information and post it field by field to the top 30 job boards. NOTE: There is a fee of $79 for this service.

    o        ResumeRabbit.com - enter your resume on this site, and the site posts your resume to multiple major job sites. NOTE: There is a fee of $59.95 for this service.

    ·         Keeping your resume and job search private

    o        The Problems:

    ·         If you are currently employed, your current employer may be searching for your resume on the Internet (many employers do this).

    ·         Your resume is pirated by other databases and by recruiters, and it may float around the Web for months or even years.

    ·         Identity thieves may use the personal information in your resume to establish credit in your name or to post inflammatory messages to the Internet.

o        The Solutions:

·         Don't put your full name or address on a resume you post to an Internet resume database. But remember that potential employers need some way of getting in touch with you, so list an e-mail address.

·         As a general rule, only post your resume to databases that offer password protection, which limits viewers to legitimate employers. Otherwise, anybody can view your resume.

·         Many employers and recruiters still prefer to contact you by phone, so if you don't include a phone number, you may be overlooked.

·         Reports are circulating that identity thieves have been placing fake job postings on online job boards in an attempt to trick job seekers into giving out personal information. The perpetrators then contact those job seekers who have replied and ask for personal information, such as social security numbers and bank account information, supposedly for the human resources department. Never give out social security numbers or bank account information to someone over the phone or via email or the Internet.

·         Set up a separate e-mail account to receive correspondence from employers. This way, when you are done with your current job search, you can simply close out the e-mail account, rather than continue to receive messages from recruiters and employers for months or even years to come.

·         If you are currently employed and don't want your employer to know you are job-hunting, don't list your current company name on your resume. Instead, list the industry. (Monster.com recommends this strategy.)

·         If you want to be as safe as possible, don't post your resume onto Usenet (otherwise known as "newsgroups" or "bulletin boards"), and don't post to resume databases that are not password protected. Only legitimate employers are allowed access to most password-protected resume databases.

·         Put a date on your resume. Your resume may float around in cyberspace for months or years after you have found a job, bouncing from one resume database to another, while you receive unwanted phone calls or e-mails.

·         If you have a Web site that includes your resume, you may want to protect it with a password, which you then only give out to the employers you choose. Be sure to sign up for a Web-hosting service that offers password protection.

X. Curriculum Vitae

  • What is the difference between a resume and curriculum vitae (CV)?

    o        A resume is a one-to-two-page document that lists your experience and education in a concise form. Often your resume will only receive up to sixty seconds of attention, and so it must convey the most relevant information in an easily grasped format.

    o        A CV usually contains three or more pages and, in addition to the items on a regular resume, can include separate sections for your teaching experience, research, publications, presentations, grants and fellowships, professional affiliations, associations and licenses, awards and any other information relevant to the opportunity for which you are applying for.

  • When do you use a CV rather than a resume?

    o        A CV may be required when:

    §         Applying to graduate or professional school

    §         Applying for research positions

    §         Providing information related to professional activities (e.g., applications for professional memberships and leadership positions, and presentations at professional conferences)

    §         Creating proposals for grants or fellowships

    §         Applying for academic positions, including

    ·         Elementary or secondary principals, superintendents, deans of schools,

    ·         Institutional research positions,

    ·         Teaching, research, and upper-level administrative positions in higher education.

o        Though the CV has traditionally been limited to those who have completed a Ph.D. (or are pursuing one), many more employers and organizations are asking for CV's from their applicants with only a Masters or even a Bachelors degree.

o        A CV should only be used when specifically requested. If you have any uncertainty about whether to submit a resume or a CV for a particular position, don't hesitate to call the organization and ask which they would prefer.

    ·         Details

    o        Cover Letters - your CV should always be accompanied by a cover letter which focuses on those skills and accomplishments that are most relevant to the opportunity at hand. The cover letter is your opportunity to draw out key abilities on which you want the reader to focus. Though you often can ignore the "one-page cover letter" rule, you still must be concise and focused in your letter.

    o        Proofreading - always have your CV and cover letters critiqued by both an experienced career advisor and by someone with experience in your field of expertise. In addition, be sure to have all your application materials carefully proofread.

    ·         Possible Sections To Include In Your CV

o        NOTE: These are suggested categories, and most CV's will not include every category included below. Just as with a resume, you should tailor your CV to the particular opportunity for which you are applying.

o        You have a great deal of flexibility in the choice, naming and placement of your categories. While your heading and education will usually be listed first, other categories can be place in virtually any order, based on your strengths and the requirements of the position or opportunity.

    ·         Heading: Name, address(es), phone number(s) and email address.

    ·         Education: list academic degrees, beginning with the degree most recently earned or in progress. You may wish to include the title any thesis or theses you have written, using the format appropriate to your discipline (check with a professor in your field if you do not know the proper format).

    ·         Certifications: list all relevant certifications and the year received.

    ·         Honors and Awards: Receipt of competitive scholarships, fellowships, and assistantships; names of scholastic honors; teaching or research awards.

    ·         Relevant Experience: Listing of positions (part-time, full-time, volunteer, temporary and permanent) related to the type of work sought. The section of your CV is written following the same principles of a strong resume -- list accomplishments as well as duties; use action verbs; wherever possible, quantify accomplishments. List in reverse chronological order.

    ·         Other Experience: Groupings of other experiences (including volunteer work and/or internships) can enhance your CV. Your experience can also be broken into other categories such as:  Teaching, Counseling, Administration, Volunteer, Community, Internship, etc. Entries within each section should be in reverse chronological order.

    ·         Publications:

    o        Give bibliographic citations (using the format appropriate to your particular academic discipline) for articles, pamphlets, chapters in books, research reports, or any other publications that you have authored or co-authored.

    o        If you have more than a few publications, you would generally divide your publications section into sub-categories.

    o        In fine arts areas, this can include descriptions of recitals, performances and art exhibits.

·         Presentations: Give titles of professional presentations (using the format appropriate to your particular academic discipline); name of conference or event; dates and location; if appropriate in your discipline, also include a brief description. Presentations should be listed in reverse chronological order.

·         Areas of Expertise: Particularly appropriate when applying for teaching positions.

·         Grants Received: Include name of grant; name of granting agency; date received; title or purpose of research project, etc.

·         Professional Associations: Memberships in national, regional, state, and local professional organizations should be listed Also list significant appointments to positions or committees in these associations. Student memberships in professional associations are appropriate.

·         Recent/Current Research: Description of research projects recently conducted or in progress. Include the type of research and a brief description of the purpose.

·         Institutional Service: List institutional committees you have served on, including offices held, student groups you have supervised, or special academic projects you have assisted with.

·         Courses Taught: List the names of courses you have taught, institution and dates where taught, and brief course descriptions.

·         Community Involvement: Appropriate and relevant volunteer work, church work, community service organizations, etc.

·         Educational Travel: Names of countries, dates, purpose (typically, only include if relevant to the position/grant for which you are applying).

·         Qualifications or Skills: A summary of particular or relevant strengths or skills which you want to highlight. Typically, this is not included as a separate section, but addressed in other sections. Occasionally, however, it may be appropriate to list special computing, language or laboratory skills.

·         References: Optional to end vita with statement "References Available upon Request." If you are responding to an advertisement that asks for references, include those requested on a separate addendum sheet.

·         Sample CV's and CV templates

o        The best resource we know of is “How to Prepare Your Curriculum Vitae,” by Acy L. Jackson, Kathleen Geckeis, and C. Kathleen Geckesis, 2003, McGraw-Hill Companies.

o        University of California website for a CV

o        Harvard School of Public Health for a public health CV template





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